14 March 2017
The Delhi High Court agreed with the tribunal’s decision, to remove a penalty imposed on the taxpayer for an alleged concealment of income with respect to certain related-party transactions even though the taxpayer accepted the transfer pricing adjustment. The High Court held that because the taxpayer had entered a new line of business (manufacturing), the taxpayer’s failure to disclose certain benefits and advantages from related-party services could not have triggered the automatic presumptive application of the penalty.
15 March 2017
The Chennai Bench of the Income-tax Appellate Tribunal held that under a provision of India’s tax law, “influence” implies dominant influence when “a person who purchased more than 1/5th of the total sales of the taxpayer would have a distinctly dominant influence on the pricing and can exercise a de facto control.” The tribunal, thus, concluded that sales to two customers constituting more than 20% of the taxpayer’s total sales constituted “dominant influence.” The related-party relationship was upheld.
The revised tax treaty with Korea provides for taxpayers to file for bilateral advance pricing agreement, along with rollback provision, for settling transfer pricing disputes from April 2017, the CBDT said today.
India had revised the three-decade old Double Taxation Avoidance agreement (DTAA) with Korea in 2015 and the amended pact came into force from September 12, 2016.
In a statement, the Central Board of Direct Taxes today clarified that under the revised treaty beginning April 2017, applications for bilateral Advance Pricing Agreement (APA) involving international transactions with associated enterprises in Korea can be filed along with request for the rollback provision.
Entire law on Permanent Establishment, Force of Attraction principle, taxability of software embedded in hardware as royalty, make available of technical services etc.(Feb 20, 2017)
Under section 4 of the Act, the charge to tax is on the total income of every person. Section 5 of the Act explains the scope of total income of every person. Section 5(2) lays down the scope of total income of every person who is a non-resident. Any income received or deemed to be received in India and any income which accrues or arises in India or is deemed to have, accrued and arisen in India shall be included in his total income. Section 9 of the Act lays down as to when income shall be deemed to have accrued or arisen in India.
Section 90 of the Act provides that Central Government may enter into an agreement with the Government of any country outside India for avoidance of Double Taxation of income under the Act and under the corresponding law in force in that country. Section 90(2) provides that where such agreement exists with any country outside India, then in relation to an assessee to whom such agreement applies, the provisions of the Act, shall apply only to the extent they are more beneficial to that assessee.
S. 9(1)(vii)/ Article 12: In order to constitute “technical services”, services catering to the special needs of the person using them must be rendered. The provision of a common facility is not “technical services”. Amount paid towards reimbursement of a common technical computer facility is not “fees for technical services”. Amount received by way of reimbursement of expenses does not have the character of income (March 6, 2017)
(i) The assessee is having its IT System, which is called the Maersk Net. As the assessee is in the business of shipping, chartering and related business, it has appointed agents in various countries for booking of cargo and servicing customers in those countries, preparing documentation etc. through these agents. Aforementioned three agents are appointed in India for the said purpose. All these agents of the assessee, including the three agents in India, used the Maersk Net System. This system is a facility which enables the agents to access several information like tracking of cargo of a customer, transportation schedule, customer information, documentation system and several other informations. For the sake of convenience of all these agents, a centralised system is maintained so that agents are not required to have the same system at their places to avoid unnecessary cost. The system comprises of booking and communication software, hardware and a data communications network. The system is, thus, integral part of the international shipping business of the assessee and runs on a combination of mainframe and non-mainframe servers located in Denmark. Expenditure which is incurred for running this business is shared by all the agents. In this manner, the systems enable the agents to co-ordinate cargos and ports of call for its fleet.
The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has entered into four more unilateral Advance Pricing Agreements (APAs) on 6th February, 2017. The four APAs signed pertain to the Manufacturing, Financial and Information Technology sectors of the economy. The international transactions covered in these agreements include Contract Manufacturing, IT Enabled Services and Software Development Services. With this, the total number of APAs entered into by the CBDT has reached 130. The CBDT expects more APAs to be concluded and signed before the end of the current fiscal. The APA Scheme was introduced in the Income-tax Act in 2012 and the “Rollback” provisions were introduced in 2014. The scheme endeavours to provide certainty to taxpayers in the domain of transfer pricing by specifying the methods of pricing and determining the prices of international transactions in advance.
“Secondary adjustment” means an adjustment in the books of accounts of the assessee and its associated enterprise to reflect that the actual allocation of profits between the assessee and its associated enterprise are consistent with the transfer price determined as a result of primary adjustment, thereby removing the imbalance between cash account and actual profit of the assessee. As per the OECD’s Transfer Pricing Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and Tax Administrations (OECD transfer pricing guidelines), secondary adjustment may take the form of constructive dividends, constructive equity contributions, or constructive loans.
The provisions of secondary adjustment are internationally recognised and are already part of the transfer pricing rules of many leading economies in the world. Whilst the approaches to secondary adjustments by individual countries vary, they represent an internationally recognised method to align the economic benefit of the transaction with the arm’s length position.